Temple is located in Beijing city Fangshan County in Southwest Mountainous undulating hills in a small basin, about 75 kilometers from Beijing, back to Chu mountain is rely on, opposite to stone mountain barrier, is located in the mountains. Temple to the relic of Buddha and being famous in the world, is Beijing outskirt with stone, calligraphy, art, history, history of Buddhism and other major cultural monument, in Beijing and the country many Temple Temples and the Buddhist world occupies an important position. In 1992, the temple was named " Beijing ten humanistic tourism tired .". Fangshan county northwest mountain area, since the Sui and Tang Dynasties is the Buddhist resort, such as top pocket hill temple, rate of six retainer mountain day temple, Yunmeng Mountains Longquan temple and nine holes of twelve peaks and in the Tusita temple as the center of the seventy-two um and many other Buddhist relics, and stone Jingshan Yunju temple is one of the most famous, to "Beijing Dunhuang" reputation.
Yunju temple was established in the Sui and Tang Dynasties, the repeated expansion of rehabilitation, North China to become one of the famous temple. The monastery part of period of war of resistance against Japan destroyed by Japanese gunfire, are the only remaining sites. Temple 1.5 kilometers northeast of stone Jingshan with hidden size hole nine, hole saved from the Sui Dynasty to Ming Dynasty engraving stone plate, together with the monastery at the southern end of acupoints in Liaoning, the reservoir board, 143l2 block, new words don. Remove duplicate moment made herein, meter carved by 112O rest, carved with exquisite, for Chinese Buddhist cultural treasures of. It is the world's oldest, most complete, best preserved stone carving Tripitaka, to write a great deal about in the history of Chinese buddhism. Engraving Yunju rock size, far more than the Northern Qi Dynasty Yin Tang mountain cliff stone and Taishan from Valley carved by.
Temple of the early in the Tang Dynasty Zongzhang two years ( 669 years ) years stone, Sui and Tang Dynasties has a considerable scale. In the Tang Dynasty at the temple and the temple on temple in stone mountain, the site of the temple has been without examination, which is now under the temple ruins. Liao, Jin era Yunju Temple due to sculpt stone well-known, it is called the " temple ". In Shandong Lu Ming Dynasty because of being built East Valley Temple, and temple in the mountains in the west, it is also known as " West Valley Temple " at the beginning of the Qing Dynasty and renamed the " Western Yunju Temple Buddhist ", still retains the name of cloud. Yunju Temple ages frequent repairs, the repair time is at the end of the Qing emperor Kangxi thirty-seven years ( l698 year ). Before it was destroyed in the large-scale temples, Temple Road courtyard five layer, six temples in. Hillside Temple courtyards, each layer increased gradually, each layer of the main hall and annex beside the road on the north side of a monk Liu, in two, south tower about separation, Shanmen lead through spring willow, mountain spring water, fog shrouded, natural environment is very beautiful, is really a good place to practice. " Seven seven incident" after the fire destroyed the temple by the Japanese to ruins, South is now destroyed. In the temple site profile, North and the four corner of the ten small stone is a surviving relic. Fortunately taken Yunju temple before it was destroyed in photos, make recovery after Japan, Japan will then send to the photo. Buddhism since the year 2 years granted by Iraq deposit eastward to China, translated sutras is many monks " believers " prolonged for a cause. But the paper, silk, wood scrolls, not only susceptible to wind, fire, water, insect damage, but also vulnerable to man-made destruction, the two time in the history of " difficult " period, large handwritten Buddhist scriptures ashes, war was also to Buddhist Temple Buddha Scripture, a devastating disaster. Like to try various devices to make the monks built Buddhist heritage long ago. In view of Shandong Taishan, Hebei drum at the cliff carved by the monks are preserved, its Jing Wan that by the stele, can last forever, so the inheritance of their science thinking behest, chose the rich white marble, mugwort leaf bluestone, and far away from you Zhou City Fangshan, carved in stone, beginning in the arduous work chamber of secret pinch. Jing Wan was first created the stone mountain cave and the temple, he vowed to build twelve stone. This action was to all aspects of social support. From the Sui Dynasty to Tang Dynasty in large, static Wan 30 years carved by practice, each end of number of stone hole is sealed up. Zhenguan thirteen years ( 639 years ) into the silence of his first son static Wan Yuen guide, monk, Hui Lai Yuen method instrument, the four generation of host carved, and shin played by the princess gave more than 4000 as dibon, has carved by the hundred, hidden in the Tripitaka hole branch. Since the Sui Zhiming, were cut from nine Tibetan stone Classics edition 4559; Galerkin and in temple on the south side of the hole, buried by the version of 1O611 block. In the days of seven years (1117) in the hole building next to tower, namely " Yunju temple tower also known as " pressure " through the ".
Jing Wan originally carved stone 146 block, a part are inlaid in the fifth holes in the walls. Fifth hole " thunder-sound cave " is the nine hole in one of the largest, and only open a cave, hole before the door can import, the length and width of each about ten meters, has four octagonal pillars supporting the roof root, pillars each carved small statues were 1O54 respect, it is referred to as the " thousand Buddha column ". The rest of the holes are closed, which laminated reservoir stone plate, portal obscures, not people.
Fangshan Shi is China's stone treasure, also is the world cultural heritage. It is essential to study Chinese ancient culture, history, art and Buddhist history and classics are of great value and significance. Galerkin s moment of stone, to " the hidden " makes " the hidden ", but have already lost. In recent years from the Yingxian Wood Tower in Shanxi, found " lease with Tibetan " fragments, with Fangshan being controlled, exactly the same. Fangshan Shi well-preserved Tibetan Buddhist " Khitan ", this is in the world history of Buddhist scriptures is an important matter. Fangshan stone is carved the original stone, no Sutra transcriptions generated by the kind of errors, version of textual value high. At the same time, it holds more than 50 of each version of Tripitaka no scripture. Technical fine-Chi carving, calligraphy is not only beautiful, valuable cultural relics of Buddhism, but also Chinese calligraphy carving art. So come out, namely with fame spreading far and wide. In the art of calligraphy of Sui Dynasty, carved by is the master book of Tang Dynasty, carved by a more elegant style of calligraphy of Sui and Tang dynasties. From the stone can also be seen in Chinese calligraphy style change and character evolution (such as: customs office, variant characters, simplified characters, Wu Zhou period new characters and situations ). After many passages in the back of a signature, the signature is the study of ancient politics, economy, culture and customs of valuable information. From 1956 to the beginning of the Buddhist Association of China and the relevant departments of Fangshan stone together, to conduct a comprehensive investigation, excavation and finishing work, it has been part of stone number, on exhibition.
In 1981 November the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences Institute of world religions, Buddhism home Luo flame in the training time, than the original ground stone worship under five centimeters, found a stone, a cave, memory Shihan, silver letter, such as operating in a letter, sealed letter way. A number of white jade Shihan, cover with 172 words, the letter was also engraved with the inscription of 83 characters. This text describes the Ming Wanli twenty years ( 1592), in stone mountain first discovered hidden relic of Buddha of Sui dynasty. Two - letter, a letter is smaller; cover the engraved with the "big Sui great twelve years time Bing Zi in April ten has eight days in this letter Jia Zi Shuo housed within the relic of Buddha three former abbot of eternal " Inscription of 36 characters. Forshelley 's been here Collectible l300 years. Three white marble Shihan, a wedge-shaped drawer cover, a " relic of Buddha " and the next were 26 characters. Four gold plated silver letter, green dragon, white tiger, surrounded by Suzaku, basaltic four reticle pattern, cover with a pattern of flowers, there are wooden painted beads, pearls 11 a. Five white letter is very exquisite, length and width of 12 cm, 17 cm high, it has two red small grain size of the relic of Buddha, flanked by two pearls.
On the relic of Buddha 's history, according to records: Sui Wendi was from a India monk received the relic of Buddha, and in Renshou the first year ( 601 years ), Renshou two years ( 602 years ), Renshou four years ( 604 years ) three times to the state issued the relic of Buddha, located in its industry Wong temple and wisdom Stephen temple are fortunate enough to get. The two temple is not far from the temple. At the same time, Yunju Temple founder static bowl mage is originally Chi-chuen, monks, is the Buddhism Zong Huisi rooftop disciples, so probably at that time the emperor also give Yunju Temple Buddha relic. " Hanshandashi in set " and " remember " Teikyo features slightly in specified in Wanli twenty years at Yunju temple stone mountain thunder-sound cave found three tablets of the relic of buddha. At the time of Emperor Wanli 's belief in Buddhism, to greet the palace for three days and then placed in the sink hole, but recorded in three extant relic of Buddha, there are only two, according to expert inference, and one of them may in Emperor Wanli in the Ming Dynasty and mother Ying people intrauterine offerings lost or is being secretly left. The two relic of Buddha and related artifacts are the Buddhist Association of China custody, as soon as the temple after repair, will be sent back home placement for cloud temple, people from all walks of life day.
Yunju temple around existing Tang Liao Liao pagoda pagoda and a total of six seats, mutual support, thereby forming Yunju Temple special Buddhist cultural landscape. The Tang Dynasty ( 618-907 years ) had built a square tower, the famous Fangshan Grottoes carved white marble for raw materials. The single and Miyan tower two, the plane was square, positive monarch pointed arched door, on both sides of armored Samurai helmet diamond carved, vivid. Tang Kaiyuan fifteen years ( 727 years ) built a stone wall engraved two RPS, Saiga who support the image, reflects the Tang period of national unity and prosperity. The pagoda in Beijing is the earliest extant in Guta, become the study of the Tang Dynasty Youzhou area of cultural history and the history of Buddhism in precious materials. After 1949, the people's Government of the temple is hidden after the excavation and finishing. Still well preserved stone has 14278 blocks, are hidden in the opposite Stone Mountain 9 hole and Yunju temple cultural relics preservation institute. In 1961 March, the State Council will Yunju temple ruins, two seat, eight seat, Liao tower TA cave and stone, listed as national key protect the cultural relics, and for the protection of these precious cultural relics, successively on the North Tower was strengthened repair, installation of lightning protection facilities, for the protection of stone plate cover the stone base, to make these Millennium ancient artifacts be handed down from age to age. Beijing Municipal People's Government in 1935 1 April decided to repair the temple. The first phase of the project, king hall, Pilu temple has been completed and open. The original Temple Millennium relics -- white marble engraved circular gate station has also been restored. In order to better protect the stone, avoid weathering and erosion, it has been decided in 1999 9 September 9 nine nine 9 seconds, all after all to secret letters from the underground. After reservoir and the world security, the move will become this a great event in the history of buddhism.
Yunju temple for collection of more than 15000 pieces of stone Buddhist Tripitaka is known as " the Beijing of Dunhuang ". In the temple around two square kilometers of range, Inner Temple, stone mountain cave, Tang, Liao tower group constituted our country ancient Buddhist culture in library. Fangshan Yunju temple stone Buddhist Tripitaka was carved in the great cause of years of Sui Dynasty, Tang, Liao, Jin, after yuan, Ming Dynasties of the six millennium, carved by 1122, volume 3572, 14278 stone blocks, divided hidden in stone mountain nine cave and Yunju Temple crypt. Now will be carved dragon " Tripitaka " more than 7.7 pieces of Ming Dynasty, by more than 2 volumes are transported hidden in the temple. Stone, wood, paper, through the three after this has been known as the " third world ". Exhibition with " stone exhibition ".
Yunju temple has five compound into six temples, East West Mountain, overlooking the Juma River, covers an area of 7 more than 10000 square meters, on both sides of a side hall in a palace and the Imperial Palace, the monk's room, and there are two north-south confrontation between the tower, has a long history, the vicissitudes of life. After the liberation, Yunju temple after two times of repair of massive reproduce the solemn. Temple also have " ancient monument at Tallinn" known, extant monument of more than 20 pieces, the tower more than 10 seats, is the precious cultural heritage.
Stone Mountain in Yunju Temple East two miles, commonly known as the small Western paradise. At an elevation of 450 meters. Here is not only Fangshan stone inscription origin place, also in 4196 Fozu Buddhist relics unearthed, Sui and Tang Dynasties Stone Blocks for the pride of China, in order to thunder-sound cave, golden Fairy Princess tower as the representative of the many historical sites, with a high value.
According to the test, stone was carved in the Sui great twelve years ( AD 605 years ), the monk Jing Wan for the maintenance of the Dhamma, engraved in stone by. Carved by a career after Sui, Tang, Liao, Jin, yuan, Ming Dynasty six, for 1039, carved Buddhist 1122, volume 3572, 14278 block, divided hidden in the stone mountain cave at Yunju Temple 9 and crypt, dimensions big, last long, is the world's cultural history rare feat, and indeed the famous world the Great Wall, Beijing Hangzhou the Grande Canale comparable, is the world's rare and precious cultural heritage.