Old Summer Palace is located in the western suburbs of Beijing City, Eastern Haidian District. The original Qing Dynasty a large Royal River, covers an area of about 5200 acres, the layout is inverted triangle, a total area of 350 hectares. Old Summer Palace " garden of gardens " good name, it was built in the Qing emperor Qian Long years, the original pavilions, terraces and open halls at more than 140, a total area of 3500000 square meters. It's land area and the construction of the Imperial Palace, water area and is a the Summer Palace.
The history of Old Summer Palace, is composed of Old Summer Palace, Changchun Garden, Yee Spring Garden ( Wanchun Garden ). Three Park tightly adjoin, commonly known as the old summer palace. A total area of 5200 acres ( 350 hectares ), the entire range of larger than the the Summer Palace nearly qianmu. It is feudal emperors in Qing Dynasty more than 150 years, by creating and operating a large Royal palace. Yong Zheng, Qianlong, Jiaqing Emperor Daoguang, Xianfeng, five, had been living in the Old Summer Palace leisurely enjoyment, and in this holding assembly, and politics, it is similar to the Forbidden City ( the Imperial Palace) as the political center of the country, was clear Dili special called " Royal park ".
Old Summer Palace was originally granted to his four son of emperor Kangxi Yin Zhen (later emperor Yong Zheng the garden ). Kangxi in forty-six years that the year 1707, park has begun to take shape. In November the same year, Emperor Kangxi had at the Old Summer Palace tours. The emperor Yong Zheng ascended the throne in 1723, expanding the original Grant Park, and in the South Park building be open and aboveboard Temple main hall and the cabinet, and in six, the value of real military department, to avoid the " Royal master ". In the 60 year of the reign of emperor Qian Long, one day, old summer palace construction, repair, dredges the water shift stone, silver million fee. In addition to his old summer palace built on local, alterations, and the East New Changchun Park, in the southeast of adjacent incorporated Qi spring garden. In the thirty-five years to 1770 three, the Yuan Ming garden pattern is formed basically. Dynasty, mainly on Qi spring garden was renovated and the extension of the building, which became the main garden occupies the place of one. Daoguang Dynasty, state declines, shortage of financial resources, but rather from Chaenomeles, Xiangshan, Yuquan " hills", furnishings, Jehol and Magnolia summer hunting, still did not give up the three Park renovation and decoration.
Old Summer Palace, garden not only known, but also a collection of the Royal Museum, very rich, is a cultural treasure house. Hugo once said: "even if the ( French ) all Notre Dame all the treasures together, the same can not be large and magnificent Huang Museum comparable to the east. " The luxurious furnishings exquisite, has a large collection of art treasures. According to the Old Summer Palace seen Westerners description, " Park splendid brilliant scene, not to can trace the color so called, nor the Europeans can see ". " All kinds of valuable treasures, are accumulated in the Royal Cottage Hotel, numerous households. " The finest sandalwood carved furniture, exquisite ancient porcelain and enamel bottle lamp broken lines, Zhijin silver brocade fabric, carpet, leather, gilded gold French clock, exquisite Old Summer Palace layout, gem embedded hunting figure, landscape character true to life likeness of the plaque, and their various other artistic products and a variety of European lustrous and dazzling. Ornaments, have everything that one expects to find.
Old Summer Palace is the artificial creation of a grand scale, the beautiful scenery of the landscape. Flat mountain and water purification, landscape architecture, plant more trees and flowers. In the discontinuous hills, winding surface and pavilions, winding corridor, island, bridge embankment, the vast space into a size of more than 100 landscape encircle, interest varied scenery group. The water park is about three 4/10 of the total area of the park, on the ground in artificial cut the medium small surface, by circle rayon flow channel is connected in series with a complete water system of rivers and lakes. Park and decorated with stacked has greatly small hill 250, and drainage combined with mountains, water, hill because of live water, formed the mountain complex water transfer, layer upon layer of garden space. The entire landscape as Jiangnan like smoke blurred, true it may be said: Although people do, since the days of the wan.
Old Summer Palace embodies the ancient Chinese gardening art essence, was the most splendid large-scale landscape. The emperor Qian Long said: " it is Yao Bao Kobold region, Emperor Yu tour, no more than this ". And gardens in the world history of architecture also occupies an important position. Its popularity to Europe, known as the " garden of gardens ". The famous French writer Hugo in 1861 had this to say: " you just imagine it is a thrilling longing, as the Moon Castle like building, Summer Palace ( the Old Summer Palace ) is a building. " People often say : the Greek Parthenon temple in Egypt, Pyramid, Rome Coliseum, Oriental palace. "It is a matter of the incomparable masterpiece as the acme of perfection ".
Old Summer Palace the world garden, to ten years Xianfeng, in 1860 October, by British and French troops barbarian raid burned down, become China's modern history of humiliation history page.
Now the Old Summer Palace Ruins Park, the site for the theme, forming a solid history and full of vibrant garden atmosphere a unique combination of tourism landscape, not only has the important political and historical value, it is a unique tourist destination. The tragedy of Old Summer Palace was destroyed, was the symbol of national humiliation, the rebirth of the Old Summer Palace, has become and will continue to make efforts to become the Chinese nation, the testimony of increasingly thriving and prosperous. With the introduction of special planning, 2006 basically completed the Old Summer Palace Ruins Park goal has been clearly shown in front of us.
We firmly believe that a green Old Summer Palace will become a bright pearl of green Olympic Games; a basic integrity of the Old Summer Palace will become a bright spot of humanistic olympics.