Beijing botanical garden is a collection of science, scientific research, travel and other functions in one comprehensive botanical garden, national emphasis construction is one of the botanical garden.
The Beijing Botanic Garden in Haidian District Fragrant Hill Park and the Yuquan mountains (West hills near Wat Chayamangkalaram), approved by the State Council in 1956, is a collection of scientific research, plant plant knowledge popularization, visit the rest, germplasm preservation and promotion, new plants and other functions as one of the large-scale comprehensive botanical garden. The planning area of 400 hectares, is now completed and open for tours by the plant area of 200 hectares, exhibition areas, places of historic interest and scenic beauty, research areas and nature reserves. The introduction and cultivation of plants more than 10000 species (including varieties ) in 1500000 strains of. Covers an area of 900 acres. Collection of plants more than 3000 species, is currently China's largest botanical garden in North, is specialized in plant introduction and acclimatization of theoretical study and experimental research base. The whole garden plant exhibition greenhouse as the center, a total of 13 galleries, planted with more than 1500 kinds of tropical and subtropical plants, including stone flower, a tree, dance orchid plant.
Beijing botanical garden by plant exhibition area, places of historic interest and scenic beauty cultural landscape, natural protection area and area of scientific research.
Plant exhibition area including ornamental plants area ( Park ), arboretum, bonsai garden, greenhouse flower district. Ornamental plants area from peony garden, rose garden, green peach, lilac Institute, Begonia Park, bonsai garden, lily magnolia garden, a garden show ( bamboo ), perennial flowers, peony garden and park is being developed in the garden, the park consists of 11; by pine and cypress, ginkgo trees Garden District Maple rose area, linden willow, Magnolia Berberis zone and sycamore, ash area consists of Quercus acutissima area of paulownia. Places of historic interest and scenic beauty resort by Wat Chayamangkalaram, Cherry Valley, the Longjiao temple ruins, " December 9th " memorial Pavilion, the tomb of Liang Qichao village, Cao Xueqin Memorial Hall. The introduction and cultivation of plants more than 56 lines, more than 5000, 900000 square metre grassed. There are scientific research building, science museum. Wat Chayamangkalaram was built in the Tang Dynasty, is a national heritage conservation units, protecting and displaying the world rare Yuan Dynasty bronze Shakya Muni lying like Cherry Valley, dense forest, is in the planning of nature reserve. Cao Xueqin Memorial Exhibition of Cao Xueqin's life and in the Western Hills. " A dream of Red Mansions " scene.
Beijing botanical garden is the Beijing Municipal Gardens Bureau designated priority of the new plant introduction, domestication, breeding base. The Beijing botanical garden has begun to take shape, are playing a more and more important social benefit and environmental benefit, more and more people's favorite.
2000 January Beijing botanical garden was named the first national AAAA grade scenic spot, in 2002 March through the ISO9000 quality management system and ISO14000 environmental management system certification and certified the first batch of fine park, 2004 in the capital of civilization industry made outstanding achievements appraisal. The garden is beautiful environment, good order, quality services and excellent culture to meet guests at home and abroad.
Beijing Botanical Garden ( referred to as South Park) with various plant 3000 a variety of, visit the main point is the greenhouse exhibition area, there are 13 pavilions, 1500 kinds of plants. The tropical plants accounted for 1000 a variety of, palm plants, tropical aquatic plants, succulents, Victoria room room, medicinal plant room, industrial raw materials plant, orchid plants, aromatic plants, tropical fruit and citrus plants. The arboretum occupies an area of 70000 square meters, is China's rare silver fir trees, and Sequoia America, Sri Lanka's Bodhi tree. There is also a special type of garden and the national herbarium.
Beijing botanical garden exhibition greenhouse built in March 28, 1998 January 1, 2000, began to receive visitors, the exhibition greenhouse construction area of 9800 square meters, covers an area of 5.5 hectares, is the largest in Asia, the world 's largest single greenhouse area of exhibition greenhouse of Kunming World Expo, the area ratio of the greenhouse is twice as big as the Chinese history of architecture, the big.
Greenhouse into tropical rainforest room, desert plant room, orchid, pineapple and carnivorous plant rooms and four seasons garden show, tropical, subtropical plants more than 3100 species, show perspective, strangulation, root, old cauliflorous, strange phenomenon. Exhibition greenhouse for plant science education base, and protection of plant resources and scientific research are the main places. As the city of Beijing internationalization city landmark works, the exhibition hall of the greenhouse is increasingly playing a great social benefits.
The exhibition greenhouse of Beijing botanical garden is the 50 anniversary of the founding of Beijing city to meet key project, botanical garden is located in the road on the west side, the building area of 17000 square meters, covers an area of 5.5 hectares, 260000000 yuan investment. Exhibition greenhouse building designed by the Beijing Architectural Design Research Institute is assumed, with " leaves to the root. " concept for the design theme, have great originality to design the " roots " interwoven inclined glass ceiling, like a leaf falls in the foot of the West hills. Exhibition exhibition design by Beijing plant landscape design and Research Institute of ancient bear. Exhibition greenhouse underground foundation in 1998 3 at the end of the month to start construction, the main steel structure and glass curtain wall will be in 1999 May completed, on 1 January 2000 open to the outside world. Exhibition greenhouse is divided into four main sections: the tropical rain forest, desert plant zone, four seasons garden and special plant room. Display plants 3100 species more than 60000 lines, for the masses to provide rich and colorful ornamental plant landscape, learning scientific knowledge, have a higher grade of tourist attractions. At the same time, it is the horticultural research and international exchanges. Exhibition greenhouse project won the Tenth National Excellent Project Design Gold Award, 2003 annual national high quality project silver medal, Beijing City tenth first prize of excellent design, " large-scale exhibition greenhouse plant introduction and design of the scientific and technological progress in Beijing city " project won the two prize, was named Beijing City ninety in the ten building.